Soil Science and Technology Department

Course Description

Course Content/Description


MTH 101: Elementary Mathematics I (3, 1, 0)

Set Theory: Fields, union, intersection, complements, functions and their inverse.

Real number systems: integers, rational and irrational numbers, mathematical induction; sequences and series; arithmetic and geometric sequences and series; theory of quadratic equations, absolute values, identities, inequalities and partial fractions, permutations and combinations – binomial theorem.

Trigonometry: Circular measure, trigonometric functions and their parties, addition and factor formulae, solution of triangles.

Complex numbers: Algebra of complex numbers, the Argand diagram, De Movies theorem, nth roots of unity.

Calculus and Real Analysis: Elementary functions of a single variable and their graphs, limits and continuity. Rates of change, tangent and normal of a curve. Differentiation of elementary functions – product quotients, functions of a function.

Implicit differentiation: Maxima, minima and points of inflexion geometrical and physical applications of the derivative, mean value theorem, parametric equations, polar coordinators. Antiderivative, integral various techniques of integration, the volume of the resolution, area of the surface of revolution.


PHY 101: General Physics 1 (2, 1, 1)

Elementary mechanics, Galilean invariance, work, energy, momentum angular momentum, conservation laws; harmonic oscillator; rigid bodies inverse square Saw forces; ideal fluid; heat and thermodynamics introduction of the kinetic theory of matter.


CHM 101: General Chemistry 1 (2,1, 1)

Fundamental concepts, including atomic and molecular structure; states of aggregation of matter, acid-base reactions; homogenous, nuclear chemistry, kinetic and treatment of chemical reactions in terms of acid-base concepts – physical and chemical properties, state of matter.


BIO 103: Biology for Biological and Agricultural Sciences (2, 0, 1)

Common life forms and processes, nature. characteristics and diversity of living organisms, along with a general treatment of the process of evolution. Cell structure and cellular metabolism including respiration, growth, and cellular transport. A general treatment of ecology and how living organisms relate to their environment and to each other.

Form and function in plants: A general classification of plants, with emphasis on the families of higher plants that are economic importance; general angiosperm morphology and anatomy. The process of photosynthesis reproduction, inorganic nutrition growth and development in higher plants.


ENG 101: Workshop Practice 1 (0, 0, 1)

General: Use of engineering measuring instruments. Callipers, gauges, etc; introduction to band tools, e.g. practice in wood planners. saws, sanders and pattern marking; sampling and sizing of raw materials.

Sheet-metal work: Production of metal products layout, cutting and shaping, wielding. soldering, brazing, fastening arc assembly.

Woodwork: Basic working principles and tools- layout methods, cutting and shaping, finishing and evaluation; finished products.


ENG 103: Engineering Drawing 1 (0, 0, 1)

Introduction to the use of drawing/drafting instruments, descriptive geometry and geometric construction. Drawing, measuring, lettering and dimensioning objects in various positions. Principles of orthographic projection in the first and third angle.


GST101: The use of English (1, 1, 0)

Use of library, use of words and sentence construction. Function sentences – purposes structure, correct: use o verbs (action words), word order and punctuation. Essay/composition writing. Paragraphs – structure, function, links and style. Deposition – description on and explanation. Special types of exposition, e.g. letter writing. Layout o a business letter, technical reports, including terms of reference, drafting and editing reports.


GST 103: Humanities (1, 0, 0)

Introduction to the humanities, definition and rationale of literature in the humanities aspects of the contemporary African novel Significant examples of African/Western Poetry, dramatic art-role and relevance in modern Nigeria with practical demonstrations/ performances, the role of philosophy in humanities, and its quest for certainty; materialism, idealism, the meaning and significance of selected concepts. freedom, responsibility, obligation, good life, art beauty,

Values-relative; inductive arguments and scientific reasoning. Exposure to African history – its role and relevance. African art and music -its history and development. Religion and the meaning of life – past, present and future.


IGB 101: Introduction to Igbo Grammar. Composition and Comprehension (1, 0, 0)

Nkenke nkowa banyere ndi lgbo, Nkowa Asusu, Njir ‘‘aa Assu, Uru asusu bara, Mmalite edemede asusu Igbo, Mkparita uka banyere ndi malitere odide na ogugu asusu igbo dika, schon, Ida wars. Olauda Equiano, Oldendorp, n’oge ochichi ndi bekee, ihe mere o jiri di mkpa na aga-akuzi asusu lgbo n’ulo akwukwo anyi ha. Mkpuruedemede lgbo (Otografi onwu), Akaraedemede. Nkebiokwu lgbo, Nkebiahiri lgbo, Ndakorita Udaume, Udaolu,Ntughari, Edemede (Kompozishon), Nchikota, Ekwumekwu n’asusu igbo, lkwu okwu, Nsupe n’ igbo


FRN 101: French Language I (1, 0, 0)

This course will introduce the students to the basics of French Language such as greeting in French alphabets, vowels, pronunciation. and accents. The students will also learn the components of French grammar as the article, verb, etc.



MTH Elementary Mathematics II (3, 1, 0)

Vectors and Analytic Geometry: Representation of vectors. Vectors addiction, and multiplication of a vector by a scalar. Components of a vector and director. Linear dependence and independence of vector Scalar and vector products of three vectors. Plane analytic geometry of the straight line, conies (circles, parabola, ellipse, hyperbola).

Differential equations: Occurrence of the differential equation. Differential equations of the first degree and first order, like variables, separable, exact homogenous with constant coefficients. Statistics: Introduction of statistics. Diagrammatic representation of descriptive data. Measures of location and dispersion for discreet and grouped data. Problems of groupings and associated graphs. Introduction to probability. Sample space and events. Addition law, conditional probability and multiplication route. Bayes Theorem. Use of permutation and combination in scatter diagram, product-moment and rank correlation. Linear regression.


PHY 102: General Physics II (3, 0, 1)

Electrostatics, conductors and dielectrics: Magnetostatics, magnetic fields and induction, magnetic materials, Maxwell’s equations; Waves and Oscillation, Electromagnetic wave; Oscillations, Optics, Modern Physics – Experimental basis of quantum physics, Planck’s constant; spectra; basic phenomena of atoms, molecules and nuclei.


CHM 102: General Chemistry II (2, 1, 1)

Physical and chemical equilibrium, solids solutions, reaction Kinetics and kinetic theory. Alkanes and cycloalkanes, reactions of carbon – multiple bonds; elimination and substitution, reactions of alcohols and alkyl; halides, aromatic compounds, carbonyl, compounds, organic acid and derivatives, and organic bases.


BIO 104: Biology for Biological and Agricultural Science (1, 0, 1)

Form and function in animals. A general classification of animals with emphasis on the characteristic morphology, and anatomy of the economically important groups. such as Mammalia, Ayes, Pisces, Arthropoda, Mollusca and Nematoda, Discussion of the following excesses in animals: nutrition, excretion, reproduction, movement and confirm regulation.


ENG 102 Workshop Practice II (0, 0, 1)

Machine shop work: Lathe work, instruction and working process, shaping, milling, grinding, reaming and metal spinning, etc. design of simple jigs and fixtures. Finished products, sample techniques.


GST 102: Use of English II (1, 1, 0)

Vocabulary, use of classical terms word formation and affixes. special terms, acronyms, choice of correct words. Definitions by examples, synonym or antonym, analytic or operational definitions, basic words in fields of specializations e.g. mechanical, electrical, civil, aeronautical, automobile engineering metallurgy, mathematics.


GST 108: Polity and Economy of Nigeria (1,1,0)

The nature and scope of economics, The Nigerian political system; polity and means of production in Niger a. he structure of the Nigeria economy, aspects of economic and technology cal dualism; internal migration – rural-urban migration and the informal sector. The role of capital in growth and development; public investment criteria choice of ‘appropriate’ or ‘relevant’ technology. Human sources development in Nigeria labour utilization, education and manpower development in Nigeria labour.

Agriculture in the development process; land tenure and reform, agricultural technology and the green revolution and integrated rural development, industrialization; role and type of industry, choice of techniques, import substitution and export expansion.

The economic role of the government expenditure and taxation; the federal structure, fiscal federalism and revenue allocation; the financial system. The problem of development planning and plan implementation in the Nigeria federal system of government. Prospects of the Nigerian economy.


GST 110: Science, Technology and Society (1, 0, 0)

Section A: Science and Society

Introduction: The need for science: modern scientific methods and evolution, selected key scientific research, innovations and inventions, science and culture.

Nature of Science: History of Science, classifications; science in the civilization of man; scientific evolution of man: social implications. Science and mans environment – harnessing science for production, processing, conservation, distribution and utilization of agricultural products, climate and vegetation; terrestrial and cosmic life; implications and scientific advances, e.g. population control, environmental pollution. Science and thermal energy, nuclear energy, fossils fuels, estimates of energy reserves in Nigeria’ case studies of demand and supply for energy.

Section B: Technology and Society

Introduction: Technology in the development of mar, the role of technology in the national economy; agriculture, entertainment, transportation, communication, medicine and welfare, war and crime. etc. disciplines in technology; professional opportunities in technology in Nigeria,

Technology evolution: History of technological education and practice in Nigeria. Some key revolutions in technology, e.g. electronics and computer technology, robotics and cybernetics, and their everyday applications.

Implications of technology: Ethics in technology; implications of technological research and advances, e.g. displacement of man by machines, space travel, the threat of nuclear and neutron war, the genetic research and energy crisis, etc. Technological products liability: effects of mechanization.

Consumerism: Constraints in the utilization of new technological products – reliability, quality control and cost-effectiveness, politics and environment.


IGB 102: Introduction to Igbo History, Culture and Literature – (1, 0, 0)

This course will expose students to various aspects of human life among the Igbos as follows: Igbo world-view, Igbo culture and history, Igbo in a world of arts and civilization. It will also provide a good exposure in the area of Igbo world-view, including their social and cultural perspectives, their aspirations and amenities, as some contemporary texts will be incorporated in the study.

Akuko banyere ndigbo na mmalite ndu ha, ekele na nsopuru n’ala lgbo, uzo di iche e si enye nsopuru, ndi lgbo na nnabata ndi obia, ewumewu ndi igbo, ewumewu nkwalite aku ra uba, ewumewu okpukperechi, agumagu igbo, ngalaba agumagu lgbc na erimara ha, akparamagwa na uru agumagu onu na agumagu ederece, nkdwa ngaiaba agumagu di iche iche, njem nlegharianya.


FRN 102: French Language II (1, 0, 0)

Here the students will be drilled in French grammar proper, dialogue and other oral exercises. The students will also be introduced into reading, starting with France Afrique Book 1. At the  end of this course, the students should be able to speak basic French and be able to tell the time in French



CST 201: Botany & Principles of Crop Production (1,0,1)

Plant anatomy: plant cell structure components and functions. Plant tissues and their functions. Anatomy of root, stem and leaf; floral structures. Introduction to plant taxonomy. Plant specimen collection, identification and classification. Classification systems. A brief introduction of the herbarium. Characteristics distribution, and local examples of Malvaceae, Dioscoreaceae, Musaceae. Graminae/Poaceae, Solanaceae, Fabaceae/Leguminosae, Compositae, etc. Cell division. Enzymes. Some processes in crops: photosynthesis translocation, pollination, respiration, energy utilization, seed dormancy and germination, development, mineral nutrition, etc. Growth regulation.


AEX 201: Introduction to Agricultural Extension (2, 0, 0)

The .need for agricultural extension, agricultural extension in Nigeria and the world; basic philosophy behind extension work, the institutional setting for agricultural extension. Agricultural development agencies, communication and extension teaching processes, adult education principles, practicals on selected oral and written communication methods and audio-visual aids (AVAs).


AGR 203: Introduction to Agriculture (1, 0, 0)

Definition and role of Agriculture in the national economy, history of agricultural development with particular reference to Nigeria; branches in agriculture-soil, crop, forestry, animal, horticulture and fishery. Career opportunities in agriculture.


AGR 205: Agricultural Chemistry (1, 0, 1)

Chemistry of the S-block elements and the representative block elements. A brief introduction to the chemistry of first series transition elements. Structure, reactions and functions of hydrocarbons, alcohols, phenols, aldehydes, ketones, organic acids and their derivatives. Atomic structure and bonding. Periodic table. Colloids, chemical kinetics and equilibrium. Oxidation and reduction. Acids, bases. Properties and reactions of elements of importance in agriculture.


AST 201: Principles of Animal Production 1 (1, 0, 1)

Introduction to the anatomy, physiology, genetics, breeding, nutrition, health economics, and management of the major tropical ruminant farm animals. Specific treatment will be given to cattle, sheep, goat and rabbit production.

Pre-requisite: BlO 1, 0, 1

STA 211: Statistics (2, 1, 0)

Frequency distributions, measures of location and dispersion in simple and grouped data. Laws of probability. The binomial Poisson and normal distributions. Estimation and tests of regression and correlation, contingency tables and X2 -applications.

Pre-requisites: MTH 101 or 102.

CSC 201: Computer and Applications I (2, 1, 1)

A brief history of computers and computer generation. Classification of computers. Structure of a general-purpose computer, number systems. The stored program. The technique of problem-solving. Flowcharting, Stepwise refinement, Algorithm for sorting and merging of ordered lists, Data preparation. I/O devices. Data types. Data representations, Data capture. Problem-oriented languages. BASIC and FORTRAN programming: Logic expression; arrays: sequencing; Alternation and Iteration; subprograms and parameters. Elementary numerical algorithms.

Pre-requisites: MTH 101 or MTH 102

AGR 207 Agricultural Biotechnology (1, 0, 1)

Definition and its importance of biotechnology. History of Agriculture, ancient plant germplasm. Fermented foods and beverages. Classical biotechnology, early Microscopy development of cell theory, nature of the gene, plant and tissue culture applications, plant genetic engineering application. Animal health, animal propagation. regulation of transgenic animals, patenting genetically engineered animals. Aquaculture: Gastropod/bivalves and crustacea products. marine animal health. Algae products and their medical potentials, anticancer and antiviral compounds, antibacterial agents, marine. transgenic fish.


AGR 209: Agricultural Entrepreneurial Studies (2, 0, 0)

Introduction to entrepreneurship, new venture creation, entrepreneurship in theory and practice, opportunity entrepreneurial team, entrepreneurial finance, raising financial capital, marketing and the new venture, innovation, new venture workshop, growth and harvest.


AEC 201: Microeconomic model and the transitional step.

Meaning and scope: the microeconomic approaches to economic analysis: the concept of equilibrium in economics, micro, partial and general, static and dynamic, positive and normative economic systems and their takes. The theory of consumer behaviour; demand and supply functions and their derivations from alternative hypotheses; approaches to the theory of consumer behaviour and their applications to agriculture; elasticity of demand and their application to the theory of consumer behaviour and their applications to agricultural problems. Theory of the firm: the nature of the firm: its goal and objective functions; generalized theory of production: meaning and nature of production function; types of transformation process; stages of production; production transformation process; the physical production schedule; variable returns to scale; the production surface and isoquants; and optimal combinations of inputs (h) changes in output; supply function; expansion path and supply function; two input, two output and the multi-product firm; various conception of costs (m) production and cost-output relationships; price theory, and applications; factor pricing under the various market conditions i.e under pure competition, pure monopoly; monopolistic and oligopolistic competition; product pricing under the various market conditions.



CST 202: Tree and Vegetable Crops Production (2, 0, 0)

Origin and distribution of tree a-c vegetable crops; soil and climatic requirements of some important permanent crops such as cocoa, banana, plantains, citrus, kola, cashew, e:c: and some important vegetable crops such as fluted pumpkin, melon, Amaranthus, garden egg, etc; production practices, improvement, harvesting utilization, processing, storage and economic aspects of some selected permanent and perennial crops.


CST 204: Field Crop Production (2, 0, 0)

A detailed treatment of the major field crops; yam, cocoyam, cassava, sweet potato, maize, rice, sorghum, beans. groundnut, winged beans, sugarcane, tobacco, etc. For each crop there will be detailed discussions on time of planting, site selection, land preparation, planting materials, seed rate, spacing, mulching, Ration (type, rate and frequency), crop protection (weed), and disease control), harvesting, processing and storage.


CST 206: Agric-Climatology and Bio-geography (1, 0, 1)

The principles aims and scope of climatology and biogeography, The elements and controls of climate and weather and the dynamics of the earth’s atmospheric radiation and heating of the atmospheric systems, atmospheric moisture, the dynamics of pressure and wild systems condensation and precipitation processes. Seasonal radiations in temperature, day length, and radiation, rainfall and evapotranspiration equipment and maintenance of standard meteorological relation between agriculture and climate with reference to crops, livestock, irrigation, pests and diseases.


AST 202: Principles of Animal Production Il (1, 0, 1)

Introduction to anatomy, physiology, genetics. breeding, nutrition, economics and management of the major tropical non-ruminant farm animals. Specific treatment will be given to various poultry, as well as swine. Pre-requisite: BIO 10 1/103


AEC 202: Principles of  Macro Economics (2,0,0)

Meaning and Scope; the macroeconomic approaches to economic analysis: the concept of equilibrium in economics; macro; partial and general; static and dynamic; positive and normative; economic systems and their takes. Macroeconomic model and transitional step.The circular flow of income some basic concepts of National Income; uses of national income estimates; methods of estimating national income; problems of estimating national income; Government and the circular flow of money; the consumption and investment functions; Definition and functions of money; The quantity theory of money; the demand for money; money supply and the average price level/inflation; the banking system and the supply of money; The international economy; the distinction between international and domestic trade; the concept of comparative advantage, factor endowment balance of trade and balance of payment. Theories of international trade. Grains from trade; tariffs and instruments of trade; Scope and definitions of Economic Development, Employment, Inflation, Characteristics of underdevelopment and development planning in developing countries.  



Fundamental discussions on the distribution and classification of tropical soil: Their Structure, physical, chemical and biological properties, human impact on the soil environment, Soil suitability for agriculture and other, uses as well as the relationship of crop productivity will be dealt with.


AGR 202: Farm Practice I (0, 0, 1)

Students will be required to be intimately involved in the performance of various farm operations. Skills will be taught in various aspects of crop production and animal husbandry.


FWT 202: Principles of Forestry Resources and Wildlife Management (1, 0, 1)

Definition of forestry terms. Difference between forest and forestry. Renewable natural resources, availability, distribution and potentials. Grazing land, fallow lands, forests and game reserves, national parks and other conservation stands. Components of Renewable Natural Resources Plants, wildlife, water resources, forest soil, etc. Forest exploitation and utilization. Logging and log transportation. (Skidding and Haulage, Road and water transportation). Sawmills and types, types of wood products. World distribution of tropical forests based on climate. Different Nigerian vegetation (forests and savannah). Nigerian wildlife species. Sustained yield management. Forest management plan and its importance in forest management. Introduction to the forest ecosystem. Stable and unstable ecosystem. Difference between forest and agro-ecosystem.


FAT 202: Introduction to Fisheries and Aquaculture (1, 0, 1)

Basic concepts in fisheries and aquaculture: fish, shellfish, fisheries, aquaculture, habitat-related fisheries-river, a lake inshore/offshore. Exploitable fisheries resources: sardines, mackerels, shark, Bonga, tuna, etc. Major fish stocks with amp-as s Nigeria. Capture techniques in natural resources exploitation: traditional peasant and modern fishing methods, fishing vessels, fishing license, regulation, EEZ, etc, Elements of stock assessment techniques: concepts of overfishing, MEI, MSY, Age/ageing. Types of aquaculture, organism for used feeds used, financial aspects of aquaculture, present aquaculture.


SIW 200: Long Vacation Industrial Attachment (0, 0, 2)

AGR 204: Agricultural Biochemistry (1, 0, 1)

Cellular composition and morphology, chemistry, metabolism and synthesis of carbohydrates, lipids and proteins. Importance of pH and buffers. Structure and functions of enzymes.



CST 301: Crop Diseases and their Control (1, 0, 1)

Causes and control of diseases prevalent among the crops grown in the country. Topics include and bacteria to the structure, life history classification and importance c’ fungi, bacteria and viruses; the development and spread of diseases of tropical crops and stored products and their control.


AEC 3O1: Introduction to Farm Management and Production Economics (2, 0, 0)

Goals, scope and features c farm management, the theory of agriculture production and resource allocation; farm records and accounting; valuation and depreciation; farm business assessment; farm planning and control enterprises and resource management. Applications of theory to practice situations will be strongly emphasized. Factors of production, labour, equipment, etc. cropping and farming systems overview.

Pre-requisite: AEC 202, Introduction to Macroeconomics

AEC 303: Agricultural Marketing and Cooperatives (2, 0, 0)

Discussion of basic marketing concepts and interrelationships between agricultural production and marketing; approaches to the study of agricultural marketing and elements of international trade. Application of marketing principles to the identification and solution of agricultural development problems.

Pre-requisite: AEC 202, Introduction to Micro-economics

SST 301: Soil Chemistry and Fertility (1,0,1)

The chemical properties of soils in relation to plant growth. Emphasis will be placed on tropical soils. Topics include chemical composition of soils; the origin and chemistry of plant nutrients, the origin, formation and properties of clay minerals; ion exchange and nutrient absorption by plant roots; leaching of plant nutrients; the influence of soil properties on nutrient absorption; inorganic fertilizers and their management; organic manure, soil acidity, soil alkalinity; soil fertility evaluation based on soil testing and plant analysis; oxidation-reduction potential.

Pre-requisite: SST 202

AGR 303: Agricultural Genetics (1, 0, 1)

Elaboration of the general principles in agricultural production, with specific discussions on Mendelian genetics including functions, nature and structure of genes; basic concepts in the genetics of populations, and quantitative traits of economic importance in plants and animals. Rudiments of selection; and an introduction to breeding objectives and priorities in agriculture. Such objectives as yield, quality resistance, adaptation, stress tolerance and machinability will be highlighted. Practical and field illustrations of these concepts will be emphasized.

Pre-requisites: BIO 103 and 104, Biology for Agricultural Science I and II

AST 301: Introduction to Tropical Animal Health (1, 0, 1)

Introduction to the occurrences, economic impacts, causes (including environmental) aetiology treatments and methods of prevention of common diseases of livestock in the tropics. Emphasis will be placed on practical health management techniques against these diseases.


AEX 301: Community Agricultural Extension (1,0, 1)

Introduction to agricultural extension: Meaning, concept, philosophy and principles of agricultural extension role of governmental and non-governmental organizations (NGOs A, ta. Extension Service and Agricultural Innovations. Students will visit rural communities, conduct investigations into the characteristics of their agricultural practice of the farm and observe development activities of formal agencies in rural areas in rural areas.


AGR 301: Farm Practice II (0, 0, 1)

Practical illustration and a do-it-yourself involvement of students in the agricultural practices in crops, pests and diseases control harvest, storage and processing, fertilizers and applications Agricultural price data collection, handling, housing, feeding and disease control sheep, goats, rabbits, wildlife and aquatic life. Demonstration and communication techniques in extension.


ENS 301 Intro. To Entrepreneurship & Innovation (2,0,0)

This introductory course will expose the students to the principles, theories and practices of entrepreneurship and the content will include the concept of organization and theories of entrepreneurship, entrepreneurship culture and barriers to its practice biographical studies of successful entrepreneurs, the business environment, business and environmental opportunity-set. Threats and opportunity exploiting strategies. The Nigerian business environment. Monitoring and identification of opportunities approach to addressing environmental barriers. Intellectual properties, Nigerian copyright laws, strategies as for the protection of original ideas, concepts and product from piracy. Also, the course will expose the interface between technology development and entrepreneurship as well as entrepreneurial opportunities in a technology-driven environment and business, Management of technology, the concept and types of innovation, theories of innovation, change management and financing innovation.

Also included here is the concept of the family business, its cultural context, roles and relationships and strategies for effective functioning, success and succession. The concept of women entrepreneurship, roles, orientation and women entrepreneurial aspirations, their contributions and relevance as well as barriers to women entrepreneurial practices. The student will also explore the various sources of business opportunities, the difference between ideas and opportunities, business opportunity scanning and new venture idea generation. Introduction to strategy and crafting of business strategy in core business functional areas for competitive relevance. The concept of social entrepreneurship and value creation. The role of NGO’s in social entrepreneurship. Social entrepreneurship and funding opportunities as well as enhancement factors. Relationship between scientific research innovation and products as well as product invention development, timeliness and processes.



AGR 302: Farm Practice III (0, 0, 1)

Practical illustration and do-it-yourself involvement of students’ in. The agricultural practices of plant spacing and orchard layouts; manure and compost making; weeds soil conservation techniques; antemortem inspection and slaughter management in animals (agricultural economics questionnaire design and conduct of interviews).


CST 302: Crop Pests and their Control (1. 0, 1)

The identification and control of pests of crops. Emphasis will be on pests of crops grown in .the country. Topics include introductory aspects of the structure, life history, identification of insects, nematodes and weeds; principles and methods of insect control and management; introduction to weed ecology and control; the major basis and parasitic nematodes of tropical crops and store products.


AEX 302: Introduction to Rural Sociology (2, 0, 0)

Basic principles, concepts of rural sociology and understanding of rural situations. Importance of rural institutions, social processes and changes in rural areas. Leadership and community power structure. Various agricultural extension and rural sociological communication strategies and their uses.


AST 302: Animal Feeds and Feeding I (1, 0, 1)

Definition, importance, digestion and absorption of nutrients. Common tropical feedstuffs. Energy and protein feed. Practical demonstration of techniques of feed milling.



The general principles of managing soils for the optimum production of crops. Emphasis will be on the application of these principles in the management of tropical soils. Topics an elementary treatment of causes (wind and water) and control (cultural methods) of erosion; methods of land clearing in the forest and savannah manures, crop rotation, and fallows in the maintenance of organ o ate ad improvement of other soil properties. Role of no-till farming on soil improvement of other soil properties. Role of no-till farming on soil improvement, soil compaction and root growth, management of soil acidity; management of low native soil fertility, moisture needs of crops, soil water plants relationships, irrigation water application, the timing of irrigation; methods, of irrigation water application, the timing of irrigation; methods. of irrigation; drainage.

Pre-requisite: SST 202

AGR 304: Agricultural Statistics and Biometry (1, 1, 0)

Introduction to simple linear models in agricultural research, and their utilization in the design and analyses of farm experiments. Particular emphasis will be placed on the formulation of appropriate experimental designs and analysis of variance and covariance for completely randomized designs; randomized block designs, design and factorial experiments. Estimation of variance components, regression and correlation coefficients and simple test statistics will be discussed. Recent advances in Bio-statistics will be highlighted as well as an introduction to the development of computer-assisted capability for analysis of farm data.

Pre-requisite: STA 211

AGR 306: Processing and Storage of Agricultural food products (1, 0, 1)

Different types of food: supply composition and nutritive value. Spoilage, preservation and processing of food types. Indigenous food processing methods, food additives, quality changes during processing, preservation and storage. Post-harvest losses, methods of assessing food quality. Problems militating against quality control programmes in Nigeria. Food industries and their role in reducing post-harvest losses.


AGR 308: Geographic Information Systems In Agriculture (1,0,1)

Introduction to Geographic Information Systems (GIS). Terminologies and concepts in GIS. GIS input methods; GPS, Remote Sensing, Digital information system and databases, spatial analysis and image processing. Applications of GIS in different aspects of agriculture.


AGE 202: Agricultural Machinery and Mechanization. (1, 0, 2) (Offered by Dept. of Agric. Engineering)


ENS 302 Business Creation, Growth & Corporate Governance (1,0,1)

Students are expected to be familiar with topics such as Concepts of Business and New Value Creation, the Business Planning Process and Start-up decisions, Opportunity search and identification, legal issues relating to start-up. Introduction to feasibility studies and cash flow. Introduction to theories of growth, challenges of growth and growth strategies (external growth strategies, franchising, buy-in and buy out). Introduction to mergers and acquisitions. Sources of Funds/Capital e.g. internal and external, formal and informal: past government’s efforts and initiatives towards the funding of new ventures and small and medium enterprises in Nigeria, Resource use and efficiency. Principles of Marketing and the Marketing Concepts, the Marketing mix, Product development and management, Ethics and social responsibility and their relevance in business. Ethical behaviour, Business ethics and practices in Nigeria-Case studies, Community development projects welfare. New opportunities for expansion,

E-business, E-commerce, E-trade. Managing the transition from start to growth, personal discipline, learning, Decision making and Control, Employee decision, Basic financial literacy. Business Strategy. The concept of strategy and strategic issues in business (existing and startup). The Scientist/Engineer as well as an entrepreneur; opportunities and challenges. Venture creation and elements of risk management.



There is one academic session provision for the 400 level students to embark on Industrial Training (IT) in industry relevant to the Departmental academic core values.

SIWES 400    Rain Semester Industrial Attachment

SIWES 401    Harmattan/Long Vacation IndustrialAttachment



CST 501 Weeds and Weed Control (2,0,0)

Identification and classification of weed: mechanisms of survival in annual and perennial weeds: interaction and competition between crops and weeds; principles and methods of mechanical; biological and chemical and integrated control of weeds.


SST 511: Soil Cartography, Remote Sensing and GIS Application in Soil Science and Agriculture (1,0,1).

Definition, historical development and scope of remote sensing. Principles of Remote sensing, Types and Applications of Remote sensing in soil and Agriculture, Sensors, Remote sensing and photogrammetry. Definition of soil cartography and its historic development. Types, Function, Techniques of drafting maps, instruments and map compilation. Design and construction of statistical maps and diagrams. Techniques of changing map scales, the coordinate system and projection. Cartographic process, symbolizing and processing of data. Geographic Information Systems in Soil Studies. Processing and Storing of geographical data. Digital image processing, tools in the Geographic Information System, the field trip is required.


SST 501: Soil Microbiology and Biochemistry (1,0,1)

Microbiological activities – so: organic matter decomposition, the nitrogen cycle to include the biochemistry and microbiology of nitrification; symbiotic and non-symbiotic N-fixation, the phosphorus cycle, Microbial transformation of s iron and other minerals; transformation of hydrocarbons pesticides, a microbial factor of soil aggregate production and destruction: ecological interrelations; soil reaction- acidity, alkalinity and salinity. Contaminants in soils and groundwater by microorganisms: emphasis on enzymatic mechanisms and metabolic pathways. Approaches for analyzing microbial populations and activities including molecular techniques. Applications of microbial activities for bioremediation of contaminated soils and groundwater.


503: Soil Survey and Land Use Planning (1,0,1)

Basic principles of Soil Classification: soil profile study and description, soil survey methodology soil farming, minerals and rock in relation to soil-derived thereof, 1rnng, factors; an assemblage of maps; photo; use of aerial photograph topographic maps; field survey versus grid survey; field mapping; soil morphological investigations, laboratory determination; soil correlation, soil survey report writing; interpretive report; soil classification management properties of some tropical soils and land capability classification for various purposes. The use and misuse of land in the tropics.


AGR 501  Farm Practice VI (0,0,1)

Farming internship, students will be assigned specific and detailed on-farm jobs in their respective programmes. The execution will require the integration of all the on-the-farm skills acquired from all the previous farm practice courses.


SST 505: Soil and Plant Analysis (1,0,1)

Parent materials, morphology, physical, chemical and biological properties of soils and related soil management and land use practices will be studied in the field and lab. Soil and plant sampling and sample preparation. Theories and procedures for chemical analysis of soil and plant materials. Analysis of soil and plant elements and the interpretation of data; determination of pH; the principle of instrumentation. Maintenance and operation of major analytic instruments, flame photometers, amino acid analyzer; IRU; UVR; pH meter; conductivity bridge, a gas system for monitoring analytical procedures, features and function of soil testing laboratory.


SST 507: Soil and Environmental Conservation Tech (1,0,1)

Biotechnical measures for the control of soil, water and wind erosion (Agronomic and Mechanical Measures). Agronomic Measures include-soil conservation farming practices and systems such as conservation tillage and contour strips cropping, vegetative buffer strips and barriers, cover crops, mulching and stubble mulching. Mechanical measures-earthworks (banks), channels, ditches, terraces and outlets. Many environmental issues related to urbanization are derived from the manipulation of soil. students will be able to evaluate environmental issues within the urban environment and provide new ways of remediating their impact. Field Trips


SST 509: Project Proposal and Technical Paper Writing in Soil Science (0,0,2)

Supervised research into chosen problems in agriculture. Identification of problem, hypothesis formulation, experimental design and data collection. Writing and defence of final year Project Proposal.


SST 513: Soil Morphology, Genesis and Classification (1,0,1)

Definition of soil cartography and its historic development. Types, Function, Techniques of drafting maps, instruments and map compilation. Design and construction of statistical maps and diagrams. Techniques of changing map scales, the coordinate system and projection. Cartographic process, symbolizing and processing of data. Geographic Information Systems in Soil Studies. Processing and Storing of geographical data. Digital image processing, tools in Geographic Information System. The terminology used to describe soil. Describing soil profile and identifying soil horizon and layers, estimating soil texture, per cent sand, silt and clay, hydric soil identification and describing a deep hole for soil evaluation. Field trips required.


SST 515: Soil and Water pollution Mgt (1,0,1)

Definition, causes, historical development: of soil pollution. The social and economic development of soil pollution. Oil exploration and municipal waste hazards, water pollution. Human activities in the Urban and Rural Regions. The concept of determinism and positivism. Methods of environmental impact assessment and Auditing. Environmental impact laws in Nigeria. Classification of impacts and definition of environment Variables. Management and control of pollution. The field trip is required



CST 502: Root, Tuber and Fibre, Sugar Crops (2,0,0) Soil and Climatic requirements; growth requirements weed and control and water use, improved varieties; processing; storage, marketing and utilization of field crops. Growth requirements of roots and tuber, sugar and fibre crops, etc. management and field production of the crops. Fertilization water use and weed control.


SST 502:  Soil, Plant and Water Relationship (1,0,1)

Introduction; soil physical properties influencing irrigation; Mechanical composition of soils; Soil structure, Volume and Mass relationships of soil constituents; Soil wetness, Determination of soil bulk density; Soil consistency; Water relation of soil; Kinds of soil water, movement of water into soils; Factors affecting infiltration rate; Measurement of infiltration, Soil moisture constants: Movement of water into the soil; Plant water relationships; Water as plant components, Plant structure; Water movement along with Soil-Plant-Atmosphere System; Moisture Stress and plant response, Drought tolerance of plants; Terminologies in used in soil moisture, movement of water and nutrients in plants; Rooting characteristics and moisture use of crops.


SST 504: Soil Chemistry, Wetland Soil and Mgt (1,0,1)

Soil chemistry and nutrition of plants. The macro and microelements, properties, chemistry and utilization of water-logged soils; redox potentials. Methods of chemical analysis of soil. Wetland soils as components of natural landscape: biogeochemistry, hydrology, geomorphology, hydric soil indicators, and classification. Soil and redoximorphic features important to wetland delineation and jurisdictional determination. Mitigation of wetland impacts with emphasis on restoration and creation. Constructed wetlands for water treatments.


SST 506: Soil Fertility, Plant Nutrition and Organic Matter Mgt(1,0,1)

Fertility in tropical soils. Nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus and sulphur contents of soils. Liming and its soil-plant relationships. The soil as a plant nutrient medium crop growth and response to soil nutrients; major secondary and trace elements in crop nutrition; nutrient absorption, maintenance and loss in soil fertility in extensive and intensive agriculture. Nutrient requirements of major agronomic crops; nutrient sources; nutrition management for agronomic crops from yield, quality, economic and environmental perspectives. solutions and soil as rhizosphere chemistry, nutritional physiology, ion uptake and translocation, nutrient interactions, genetics of plant nutrition. Plants response to fertilization; soil and tissue testing methodology and interpretation; writing effective nutrient management plans. Role of legumes in soil. Soil organic matter, its source, properties and roles in plant nutrition relationship between soil organic matter and other soil nutrients. Soil organic matter maintenance.


SST 508: Soil Physics (1,0,1)

The physical and physio-chemical properties of soils, colloidal behaviour. Soil structure, soil texture and surface area of soil particles; soil consistency and After-Beg s limits. Soil moisture and its categories and measurements; hysteresis; field water cycle; soil-plant atmosphere-continuum, drainage and erosion, prevention of secondary salinization; laboratory determination of the physical properties of soils.


SST 510: Fertilizer Technology (1,0,1)

The course gives the student an opportunity to formulate, mix and supply fertilizer efficient for maximum benefit to the plant. Topics include a definition of some fertilizer terms, fertilizer nutrients, their sources and manufacture, nitrogenous and phosphate fertilizers, formulation of compound fertilizers, application methods of fertilizers for maximum efficiency. Soil testing and fertilizer recommendations, Fertigation. Field trips required.


SST 516: Principles of Irrigation, Drainage and Hydrology (1,0,1)

Definition of terms, Historical Development of Irrigation. Types and methods of Irrigation. Need for irrigation. Irrigation scheduling; irrigation water quality; use of irrigation and fertilizers to minimize environmental impact; Drainage types and definition of terms, advantages and disadvantages of drainage, Definition of hydrology and terms, Streamflow movement, runoff and hydrograph analysis. Flood estimation and control, groundwater, water management and river. Definition, historical development and scope of hydrology. Hydrological cycle and hydrological equation. Precipitation, water losses-evaporation and evapotranspiration, infiltration, soil moisture interception. Field trips required.


SST 512: Research Project in Soil Science (0,0,4)

Continuation of supervised research. Data analysis, preparation and oral defence of project reports.